A short history of Crediton by Mr. A. Labbett.

King Ine established a bishopric at Sherborne in 705. The diocese of Crediton was created in 909.

A young monk called Wynfrith who had been born in Crediton came to study in Exeter. So effective was Wynfrith's progress that Pope Gregory II summoned him to Rome and had him rechristened Boniface, after one of the martyr saints. He was made an Archbishop in 731. He was murdered in 754 and made a saint by the Catholic church. A grant to the manor of Crediton by Edward I (1306) with sales of corn, leather and wool. It started the largest street cattle market in the country, the last being in 1957. The lands of the Bishop of Exeter held at Crediton before 1066, paid tax for 15 hides, land for 185 ploughs, 40 slaves, 264 villagers and 73 small holders, 30 pigmen who paid 150 pigs, a mill which pays 30d, woodland 5 leagues long and half a league wide, 4 cobs, 64 cattle 57 pigs, 400 sheep and 25 goats.

The Great Rebellion of 1642 - 1646. Crediton was occupied ten times by both sides. King Charles reviewed his troops at Lords Meadow, as likewise Cromwell. On August the fourteenth 1743on a Sunday morning, a great fire started, completely destroying the High Street. At that period of time it was the second largest fire in the country, only to that of the fire of London. Sixteen people lost their lives, over 2000 made homeless and 450 houses destroyed.

The war with the French between 1805 - 1812. Two hundred and eighty French prisoners of war were billitted in the town.

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